Do any of the COVID-19 vaccines contain gluten?

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Katarina Mollo MEd, RDN, LDN
Q. Do any of the COVID-19 vaccines contain gluten?

Answer


The three current COVID-19 vaccines that have received emergency use authorization from the FDA (Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Janssen from Johnson & Johnson) do not contain gluten. Here are the ingredients per the FDA Fact Sheets as of March 2021:

Pfizer-BioNTech: mRNA, lipids ((4-hydroxybutyl)azanediyl)bis(hexane-6,1-diyl)bis(2-hexyldecanoate), 2 [(polyethylene glycol)-2000]-N,N-ditetradecylacetamide, 1,2-Distearoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine, and cholesterol), potassium chloride, monobasic potassium phosphate, sodium chloride, dibasic sodium phosphate dihydrate, and sucrose.

Moderna: messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), lipids (SM-102, polyethylene glycol [PEG] 2000 dimyristoyl glycerol [DMG], cholesterol, and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine [DSPC]), tromethamine, tromethamine hydrochloride, acetic acid, sodium acetate, and sucrose.

Janssen: recombinant, replication-incompetent adenovirus type 26 expressing the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, citric acid monohydrate, trisodium citrate dihydrate, ethanol, 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HBCD), polysorbate-80, sodium chloride.

The Society for Study of Celiac Disease, which is comprised of prominent celiac specialists and researchers, say this about celiac disease and COVID-19 vaccination:  “As the safety and efficacy data on Covid vaccination has emerged, there is no evidence to suggest that people with celiac disease would be more prone to an adverse effect of vaccination. Celiac disease is not considered an allergy, and by itself does not prompt additional precaution when proceeding with vaccination. Patients with concerns about vaccination and their particular circumstance should speak with their health care provider. We will undergo Covid-19 vaccination as soon as it is offered to us, and we urge our patients to do so.”

You can read the full statement here:

https://www.theceliacsociety.org/sscd_news

References:

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Pfizer-BioNTech Fact Sheet. https://www.fda.gov/media/144414/download#page=2

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Moderna Fact Sheet. FDA website: https://www.fda.gov/media/144638/download

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Janssen Fact Sheet. FDA website: https://www.fda.gov/media/146305/download

Note: This information is provided by NCA and Katarina Mollo MEd, RDN, LDN, NCA's Director of Education. This information is meant for educational purposes only and is not intended to substitute for personalized medical advice or replace any medical advice provided directly to you by your health care provider. No liability is assumed by the NCA or Katarina Mollo, MEd, RDN, LDN by providing this information.

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